Smokefree home policies

 PATH Study analysis

Smokefree home policies based on the PATH Study analysis

The Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study is a national longitudinal study of tobacco use and how it affects the health of people in the United States. People from all over the country take part in this study. Started in 2013, it is one of the first large tobacco research efforts undertaken by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

The following data, which the PATH Study began collecting in 2013, is based on survey questions that focus on secondhand smoke exposure and policies.

Download the 2021 PATH Study Secondhand Smoke Summary

Smokefree Policies in the Home

Most adults and youth live in homes with policies banning the use of combustible tobacco. A slightly smaller percentage report having rules against using e-cigarettes/ENDS in their home, but that percentage increased between the two most recent survey waves.

The majority of adults and youth live in homes with policies banning the use of combustible tobacco.

Percentage of Home Tobacco Use Rules - Wave-4 of the PATH Study

Percentage of Home Tobacco Use Rules – Wave-4 of the PATH Study

Adults more likely to report a complete ban on all types of tobacco products were non-users of tobacco, living with others and/or children in the household, and at or above poverty level. In addition, being female, “other” race, Hispanic ethnicity, and age 65 and over were all associated with having a complete ban on all types of tobacco products in the home.

The average number of hours than adults and youth report exposure to secondhand smoke has decreased over the 4 survey waves.Average Hours of SHS Exposure Between Waves of the PATH Study

Among adults and youth past 30 day users of any type of tobacco is associated with increased exposure to secondhand smoke.

Past 7-Day Hours of Exposure to SHS by Tobacco Use Status, Wave 4 of the PATH Study
   
Wave 4 Tobacco Use StatusAdultYouth
HoursHours
No Past 30-Day tobacco use1.6382241.715938
Past 30-Day use of combustible tobacco only11.625229.091307
Past 30-Day use of E-cigarettes or smokeless tobacco only4.8523055.013672
Past 30-Day poly use of combustible, e-cigarettes, and/or smokeless tobacco13.100186.270201

In households with no bans on any type of tobacco, reported exposure to secondhand smoke is highest, 16 hours in the past 7 days on average. In household with a complete ban on all types of tobacco, reported exposure to secondhand smoke is lowest, 2 hours in the past 7 days on average.